Gametogenesis and gamete structure of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. Optimal salinity for growth may be around 15–24‰ but varies greatly depending on the population. Hydrobiologia, 195, 119-126. Simple thalli (fronds) arise from a small discoid base. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 6, 189-192. 2003. National Trust, 2017. (2000) found that this species can produce a propagule bank capable of surviving winter conditions in the Baltic Sea. The effect of two commercial herbicides on the settlement, germination and growth of Enteromorpha. For instance, the occurrence of a summer mass of unattached Ulva intestinalis (as Enteromorpha intestinalis) was studied by Baeck et al. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 8, 251-258. 202-212. Ulva intestinalis has a moderate environmental impact in the Great Lakes. British seaweeds. Hayden, H.S., Blomster, J., Maggs, C.A., Silva, P.C., Stanhope, M.J. & Waaland, J.R., 2003. European Journal of Phycology, 38, 277-294. 1999, McAvoy and Klug 2005). 2004). Sewage, green algal mats anchored by lugworms, and the effects on Turbellaria and small Polychaeta. Furthermore, some marine forms of U. intestinalis are more difficult for grazers to handle and ingest than species with more frond structure (Watson and Norton 1985). Little, C. & Kitching, J.A., 1996. Vertical distribution of seaweed spores in a water column off shore of North Carolina. Vadas, R.L., Keser, M. & Rusanowski, P.C., 1976. Since it is known that crabs take refuge in alga beds, the question of whether crabs used U. intestinalisfor hiding spots was raised. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 36: 97-125. Ohio Journal of Science 64: 272-274. However, if environmental factors, such as salinity are taken into account, branching can be used to identify the great majority of thalli correctly (Blomster et al., 1998). Ulva intestinalis on the other hand has a green thallus with tubular branches originating from a single small stipe and disc-shaped holdfast. Plants may be branched or unbranched. In Proceedings of the third international congress on marine corrosion and fouling (ed. Depledge. Kylin, H., 1917. Marine Ecology Progress Series 284: 109-116. Ulva lactuca covering a rock in the shallow intertidal zone. Occurrence of the marine antifouling agent Irgarol 1051 within the Plymouth Sound locality: implications for the green macroalga Enteromorpha intestinalis. CRC Critical Review in Microbiology, 3, 27-49. 2). Stress proteins (HSPs): methods of detection and their use as an environmental biomonitor. Ecotoxicology, 8, 351-368. Holt, G. 1980. Y1 - 2020/1/16 1993). American Journal of Botany 89(11): 1756-1763. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 218, 87-93. Ulva lactuca is very common on rocks and on other algae in the littoral and sublittoral on shores all around the British Isles, the coast of France, the Low Countries and up to Denmark. Poole. Size 6 to 24 inches Habitat. Lipids and fatty acids from Ulva intestinalis from estuaries of the Caspian basin (Elton Region) September 2012; Chemistry of Natural Compounds 48(4) DOI: 10.1007/s10600-012-0305-2. Mass occurrence of unattached Enteromorpha intestinalis on the Finnish Baltic Sea coast. Acta Oecologica 20(4): 259-265. Suffolk Biodiversity Information Service., 2017. Like other members of the genus, Ulva intestinalis is a summer annual, decaying and forming masses of bleached white fronds towards the end of the season. With respect to its introduction to the Great Lakes drainage, authors typically mention that it is considered native to the Atlantic coast of North America (Mills et al. 2000, Cummins et al. Blomster, J., C.A. A fluctuating salinity regime mitigates the negative effects of reduced salinity on the estuarine maroalga, Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) link. The Wildlife Information Centre, 2018. They are, however, difficult to distinguish. Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN), The Marine Biological Association of the UK (see contact us)© 2020 The Marine Biological Association of the UK, All Rights Reserved. 2003). & Marsland, A., 1976. † Populations may not be currently present. Occurrence dataset: http://www.ericnortheast.org.uk/home.html accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-09-38, Fenwick, 2018. eulittoral zone material showed decreased percentage regeneration in all salinities (dilute: 0, 4.25, 8.5, 17 & 25.5 psu, full: 34 psu and concentrated seawater: 51, 68, 95, 102 & 136 psu) except 34 psu, when compared to littoral fringe populations of. 1978. Manx Biological Recording Partnership, 2017. Moss, B. Such a seed bank allowed U. intestinalis to begin growing two months earlier than many native species, enabling it to escape herbivory and nutrient competition. Flindt, and J.C. Marques. & Blomster, J., 2000. 1980. 1989. Table 1. Boyer, J.S. 2002. Ulva intestinalis may become detached from the substratum, and buoyed up by gas, float to the surface where they continue to grow. Regulations (pertaining to the Great Lakes region) There are no known regulations for this species. Watson, D.C., and T.A. Phycology and heavy-metal pollution. Adaptation to salinity stress in populations of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. On the other hand, at the Ojibway Salt Mine near the Detroit River, forms of this species have occurred in an effluent stream and lagoon on rocks subject to wave action (Catling and McKay 1980). www.iobis.org. Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). Rice, H., Leighty, D.A. Guiry, M.D. AU - Albers, Eva. 1986. This study illustrated some nutritional value of two marine algaes (U. rigida and U. intestinalis) which belong to the division chlorophyta. Environmental Records Information Centre North East, 2018. North East Scotland Biological Records Centre, 2017. The influence of UV-B radiation on the reproductive cells of the intertidal macroalga, Enteromorpha intestinalis. The Biology of Rocky Shores. 1998. Names and dates are hyperlinked to their relevant specimen records. Burrows, E.M., 1991. However, populations are greatly reduced or possibly no longer present in the Wolf Creek drainage due to decreased salinity (Marcus et al. 1, No. GLEN L. WHEELER, KAREN TAIT, ALISON TAYLOR, COLIN BROWNLEE, IAN JOINT, Acyl‐homoserine lactones modulate the settlement rate of zoospores of the marine alga Ulva intestinalis via a novel chemokinetic mechanism, Plant, Cell & Environment, 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01440.x, 29, 4, (608-618), (2005). Scarlett, A., Donkin, M.E., Fileman, T.W. Seaweeds have no known mechanism for visual perception. Often found washed up … Abstract. Hsp70 expression in Enteromorpha intestinalis (Chlorophyta) exposed to environmental stressors. Kipp, R.M., M. McCarthy, and A. Fusaro, 2020, Click here for Great Lakes region collection information. Raven, and L.J. Jones, W.E. Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. The MarLIN sensitivity assessment approach used below has been superseded by the MarESA (Marine Evidence-based Sensitivity Assessment) approach (see menu). By Ommee Benjama and Payap Masniyom. Howson, C.M. Annales Botanici Fennici 37(3): 155-161. Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum 8(2): 163-172. Journal of Ecobiology 10(4): 245-250. Occurrence dataset: https://www.kentwildlifetrust.org.uk/ accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-01. NE Scotland fungus and lichen records 1800-2010. Field ecology of freshwater macroalgae in pools and ditches, with special attention to eutrophication. & Nic Dhonncha, E., 2002. Reise, K., 1983. Mass occurrence of unattached Enteromorpha intestinalis on the Finnish Baltic Sea coast. Link and Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) from the Adriatic Sea. Kamer, K., and P. Fong. Effects of geographical location on potentially valuable components in Ulva intestinalis sampled along the Swedish coast. Growth form and environment in Enteromorpha. Make a thin cross section of Ulva intestinalis and draw the … Ulva intestinalis L. Synonyms. Burrows, E.M., 1959. 1994. Specific growth rate of the seaweed during the spring-summer period was found to be 0.15-0.25 cm/day. Kapraun, D.F. Fife Nature Records Centre, 2018. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. British Phycological Journal, 11, 309-313. 2004, Vadas and Beal 1987). Kent Wildlife Trust, 2018. Manx Biological Recording Partnership, 2018. Internationally, Ulva intestinalis has also been associated directly or in part with negative impacts on diversity or specific taxa. The influence of copper and heat shock on the physiology and cellular stress response of Enteromorpha intestinalis. Growth rate Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/v6mt0g accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01. Rhodora 29: 138-139. To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas. The composition and content of sterol, unsaturated fatty acid, amino acid and mineral in U. rigida and U. intestinalis were analyzed. Cofnod – North Wales Environmental Information Service, 2018. Mats were between 5-15 cm thick, with a biomass of 97 tonnes in an area of 3.7 km2 in 1993. 1984. SEWBReC Algae and allied species (South East Wales). Fewer, M. Kiirikki, A. Lehvo, C.A. IBIS Project Data. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/erweal accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-27. D., Houston, M. & Montgomery, H.A.C., 1985. Great Lakes region nonindigenous occurrences, the earliest and latest observations in each state/province, and the tally and names of HUCs with observations†. Ulva intestinalis is often the only seaweed found in supralittoral rockpools, and the copepod and chironomid species utilize the hollow thallus of Ulva intestinalis as a moist refuge from desiccation when the rockpools completely dry out. 2002. Complex interactions of climatic and ecological controls on macroalgal recruitment. Location of Repository Nutritional composition and physicochemical properties of two green seaweeds (Ulva pertusa and U. intestinalis) from the Pattani Bay in Southern Thailand . Mats of U. intestinalis in England also caused an order of magnitude decrease in abundance of the economically important bivalve Cerastoderma edule (Romano et al. Chicester: John Wiley & Sons. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/hcgqsi accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25. The occurrence of Monostroma and Enteromorpha in Ohio. Non-vascular Plants, Outer Hebrides. Establishment of freshwater biota in an inland stream following reduction of salt input. The latter are generally not well adapted to low salinity values and extended periods of desiccation. Mature specimens, are 'crisped' and irregularly inflated. Iverson), 682-690. Limnology and Oceanography 47(6): 1734-1741. 2. Published: 2009-04-02 The species often grows … False northern thread (Pseudothrix borealis) is much narrower (~ 1 mm) than U. intestinalis (~ 5 mm) and typically only reaches about 10 cm in length. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 300, 513-552. Canadian Field Naturalist 98(2): 198-208. Regeneration of Enteromorpha intestinalis. Ecological studies on phytal fauna associated with intertidal seaweeds from south east coast of India. Ulva intestinalis Large green lumps of Ulva intestinalis floating among other brown algae in Brofjorden Ulva intestinalis is a green alga in the family Ulvaceae, known by the common names sea lettuce, gutweed and grass kelp. Brinsley, and F.J. Staff. London & Frome: Butler & Tanner Ltd. none of the eulittoral zone material was able to regenerate in freshwater or concentrated seawater, whilst littoral fringe and rock pool material was able to do so. McFarlane), ERDA Symposium Series (Conf-750425, NTIS), Augusta, GA, pp. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 206(1-2): 203-221. Large systems like the Great Lakes may experience more negative effects; U. intestinalis typically forms green tides in the Baltic Sea in eutrophic conditions (Alstroem-Rapaport and Leskinen 2002), where it may be associated with food web alterations. 2001. The increasing use of seaweeds in European cuisine led to cultivation initiatives funded by the European Union. The role of sewage effluent in the accumulation of macroalgal mats on intertidal mudflats in two basins in southern England. Bericht der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschafter, 35, 370-384. (2000) on the Finnish Baltic Sea west coast. 80-92. However, the harmful bloom development seen in marine environments is rare in inland, freshwater populations (Messyasz and Rybak 2011). 1996. Manuscript III Sofia Raikova, Joakim Olsson, Joshua J. Mayers, Göran M. Nylund, Eva Albers, and Christopher J. Chuck. A student's guide to the seashore. British Phycological Journal 11(4): 309-313. Lewis, S., Donkin, M.E. The list of references for all nonindigenous occurrences of Ulva (Enteromorpha) intestinalis are found here. Associated fauna Isle of Man wildlife records from 01/01/2000 to 13/02/2017. Fronds may be 10-30 cm or more in length and 6-18 mm in diameter, the tips of which are usually rounded. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 254(1): 53-69. OBIS (Ocean Biogeographic Information System),  2020. It is recommended to collect more data on these hazards in future studies. intestinalis, Ulva enteromorpha var. Rai, L., Gaur, J.P. & Kumar, H.D., 1981. The type species within the genus Ulva is Ulva lactuca, lactuca being Latin for "lettuce". 1987. Bjoerk, M., L. Axelsson, and S. Beer. McArthur, D.M. Ulva intestinalis – small air bubbles are sitting in the hollow tubes of this species. AU - Chuck, Christopher. Impact of Enteromorpha intestinalis mats on near-bed currents and sediment dynamics: flume studies. Ulva intestinalis ( NO:Tarmgrønske ENG:Sea grass) 3 photos (see below for more photos) Habit Photo by: Kjersti Sjøtun Location: Svelgen, Øygarden, Hordaland Verified by Network members Sampling date: 2007-07-01. Ulva intestinalis and Ulva compressa are two bloom-forming morphologically-cryptic species of green seaweeds widely accepted as cosmopolitan in distribution. Nitrogen enrichment ameliorates the negative effects of reduced salinity on the green macroalga Enteromorpha intestinalis. Established where recorded. They disperse well, as they are positively phototactic and thus can remain high in the water column, allowing them to be carried far away from parent populations (Hoffman and Camus 1989). Lancashire Environment Record Network, 2018. R.F. Well-formed: Y Recommended: N NBN ID code: NHMSYS0000602396. McAvoy, K.M., and J.L. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 100(1-3): 97-112. Occurrence dataset: https://www.nmni.com/CEDaR/CEDaR-Centre-for-Environmental-Data-and-Recording.aspx accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-09-25. Fronds may be 10-30 cm or more in length and 6-18 mm in diameter, the tips of which are usually rounded. 2004) and negatively impact their corresponding communities, as well disrupt feeding by wading birds (Raffaeli et al. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 19, 257-263. & Depledge, M.H., 2001. 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