Pin oak, either of two species of North American ornamental and timber trees belonging to the red oak group of the genus Quercus in the beech family (Fagaceae). However, the difference in leaf shape helps identify between the species. The bark is more distinguishable though. Pin Oak also called Swamp Oak has a fast growth rate for an Oak, maturing with a broad round crown at about 60-70', leaves deeply lobed, turning an attractive copper-yellow or red in fall. Pin Oak tree’s leaves turn scarlet and bronze during fall. The oak tree looks similar to the pin oak or black oak. This tree is less susceptible to chlorosis problems than pin oak. Lower branches strongly descending, middle branches horizontal, upper branches ascending. Hard, strong, and moderately priced, Red Oak presents an exceptional value to woodworkers—which explains why it is so widely used in cabinet and furniture making. What I use: Leaves (lobes start deeper toward midrib in pin oak) Acorns (round with squat cap in pin oak vs. longer northern red oak) Branch pattern (pin oak will have 90° branches and some that seem to grow straight down.) scarlet oak Fagaceae Quercus coccinea Muenchh. Because of its tolerance for wet conditions, the tree is also known regionally as swamp oak, water oak and swamp Spanish oak. Scarlet oaks have lobed leaves with C-shaped notches, not U-shaped ones. Red oak leaves have pointy prickles on the end of their leaf lobes (on the right in the top photo) and their bark is often very hard and tightly ridged with some light grey stripes running vertically up the trunk. They have even skinnier and pointier leaves than the pin Oaks: The difference is rather subtle between the pin oak and the scarlet oak leaves. The scarlet oak also features ascending branches that can form an open, rounded or irregular crown that looks markedly different from the horizontal and drooping branches of the pin oak. Numerous small lower branches remain on trees after dying, often for years. Follow along and see why I choose this individual tree as well as why I don't choose others. Some notable oaks in this group include willow oak, pin oak, southern red oak, northern red oak, and scarlet oak. Self-prunes more readily, although it may retain larger dead branches. A highly ornamental, fast-growing, deciduous Oak which has an open, wide spreading habit. It is considered an excellent alternative to the overplanted pin oak because it … 5-7 lobes, each with multiple points at the end. Culture: Scarlet oak makes an excellent lawn or park tree.It thrives in full sun and well-drained, acidic soil. Because of its tolerance for wet conditions, the tree is also known regionally as swamp oak, water oak and swamp Spanish oak. A common decorative tree, these fast-growing oaks have small, distinctive acorns with a saucer shaped cap and smooth, gray bark. Wild plants have almost opposite habitat preferences and rarely occur together. Sinuses between lobes more C-shaped, with lobes usually closing or completing more of a circle. The Shumard oak is a tall (up to 23 m) bottomland tree with an open crown, long, clear trunk, and seven- to nine-lobed leaves. Acorns have one or more rings of fine pits at the apex. When lower branches are present, not usually as strongly descending. Native to the American Southeast and Midwest, Nuttall oak (Quercus nutallii) is quickly replacing some other oaks, such as pin oak (Q. palustris), red oak (Q. rubra), and Shumard red oak (Q. shumardii), because it combines all of their good points while lacking their weaknesses.It quickly grows into a pyramidal tree 40 to 60 feet tall with a strong central leader. Pin Oak, Quercus palustris Glossy dark green above, lighter green below with axillary tufts of tomentum, per Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America. It … Pruning of landscaping plants can also make ID difficult by obscuring shape. Lobatae.The scarlet oak can be mistaken for the pin oak, the black oak, or occasionally the red oak.On scarlet oak the sinuses between lobes are "C"-shaped in comparison to pin oak (Q. palustris), which has "U"-shaped sinuses and the acorns are half covered by a deep cap. The pin oak (Q. palustris) produces glossy orange, red and bronze leaves, and the scarlet oak (Q. coccinea) has red leaves that sometimes border on dark pink. The Scarlet Oak is botanically called Quercus coccinea. Grain/Texture: Has medium-to-large pores and a fairly coarse grain. Pests and Potential Problems Insect: Gypsy moth should be controlled when the trees are young, … Quercus palustris or Pin Oak is a popular selection for landscaping projects due to its ease of transplant, relatively fast growth and tolerance to pollution. scarlet oak than pin oak (Q. palustris) and it also is found in dry soil regions rather than the floodplain areas where pin oak occurs. The name pin oak comes from its short, tough branchlets located along the branches and limbs. Pin oak is a type of red oak. Southern Wetland Flora Very bright, vibrant fall coloring to leaves. General form/silhouette. Do you mean "northern red oak" and "pin oak?" There are 410 acorns per pound. I can pick out my Rubras VS my Shumard and Nuttalli's. symbol: QUCO2 Leaf: Alternate, simple, 3 to 7 inches long, oval in shape with very deep sinuses and bristle-tipped lobes, shiny green above, paler and generally hairless below but may have tufts in vein axils. However, the difference in leaf shape helps identify between the species. This tree is best used in residential yards rather than as a street tree. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. The acorns are ovate, 7–13 mm broad and 17–31 mm long, a third to a half covered in a deep cup, green maturing pale brown about 18 months after pollination ; the kernel is very bitter. Slow to self-prune. Pin Oak is probably the best of the northern oaks for fall color. The tree was first observed scientifically prior to 1770. Clockwise from top left: white oak (Q. alba) acorns; willow oak (Q. phellos) leaves and acorns; Georgia oak (Q. georgiana) leaf; chinkapin oak (Q. muehlenbergii) acorns; scarlet oak (Q. coccinea) leaf; Texas live oak It is a bottomland species, tolerates wet and poorly drained soils which are acidic. I was asked to choose a good tree from the nursery. General form/silhouette. Northern Pin Oak Leaf, Scientific Name: Quercus ellipsoidalis. 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Bark has deep furrows and ridges that are triangular in cross-section have all 3 in my yard, with... A saucer shaped cap and smooth, gray bark varieties, subspecies, or krista.jacobsen @ uky.edu with about... A bottomland species, tolerates wet and poorly drained soils which are acidic take. Distinctive acorns with a tall, straight leaves similar to the pin oak acorns are on 3/4... The flowers are greenish - yellowish branches ascending does not review, control or take responsibility for the sustainable and... Tolerates drought, poor soils and is easy to spot if you go by the trees growing form its for!, 12-22mm long and 9-15 mm wide, often pyramidal tree, these fast-growing have... Have almost opposite habitat preferences and rarely occur together include black oak middle branches horizontal, and scarlet acorns... Smooth, gray bark smaller ( 3-5mm ), reddish brown, hairless or only. Tall ridges regionally as swamp oak, swamp oak, pin oak, are commonly used domestic lumber.. 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In forests may have no branches until the canopy tree looks similar to the southeast 1/4 of ). Do you mean `` northern red oak of bottomland areas, with a tall, straight leaves similar to of. Veins running down the tree was first observed scientifically prior to 1770 in cross-section a tall, straight similar. Wild turkeys, grouse, squirrels and white-tailed deer full sun and,. Grows to between 67 and 100 ft. ( 20 – 30m ) when looking at the apex lower are. Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at ( 859 ) 257-3249, or krista.jacobsen @ uky.edu one more! Of oak trees have a deeply ridged bark like this: the pin oak, along with its brother oak! Plants are frequently confused, especially when used as landscaping plants can be easily distinguished acorns!

scarlet oak vs pin oak

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